12 Amazing Wildlife Species That Call Louisiana Home. Here are some facts about the native low-lying wetland marshes we like to … Because of these activities, 22 states have lost 50% or more of their original wetlands. The most common palustrine wetlands are The swamps, marshes and bayous that extend 30 miles inland from the mouth of the Mississippi River represent more than 10 percent of all the wetlands in the United States. Louisiana provides more fishery landings than any other state in the conterminous United States (more than 1.1 billion pounds/year), and more than 75 percent of Louisiana’s commercially harvested fish and shellfish species are dependent on wetlands. Its home is rapidly wasting away, and the federal government is doing nothing to stop this. [, Temporal and spatial relationships of wetland-related processes and responses. Other studies examine ways in which fine-grained sediments can be introduced into wetlands to replace sediments lost by diversion of the river; the aggravating effects of wave action as determined by moving offshore sands to onshore areas; sources of sand for nourishment activities such as sand from Ship Shoal, some 25 kilometers offshore; and whether sediment can best be removed from the ends, the top, or the sides of the shoal. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Louisiana State University as an extension of the recently-completed Louisiana Barrier Island Erosion Study. About 75% of the sites added to the list since 1999 were included as a result of WWF’s work. These six facts about wildlife and wetlands will hopefully reinvigorate passion for the habitat that provides us with so many benefits. The date was agreed upon by the Ramsar Wetlands Convention which was signed in 1971, to remind people how important wetlands are to the ecology. What Are the Dangers of Animals in the Rain Forest? New Orleans has a lot of history: the St. Charles Avenue streetcar in New Orleans is the oldest continuously operating streetcar in the world. The convention celebrated its 43th anniversary in 2014. However, in the lifetime of a child born today, approximately 800,000 acres of Louisiana wetlands will be lost, moving the coastline inland by 33 miles in some areas. Examples include the cypress tree, which has "knees," where its roots bend to reach above high water levels. Many of the world’s wetlands are degraded. America's largest freshwater turtle, the alligator snapping turtle, shares the habitat with its cousin, the common snapping turtle. In Louisiana, marshes and swamps make up most of our wetlands. This fishery brings in nearly $3 billion annually and is the top producer of oysters, blue crabs, and crawfish. Louisiana provides more fishery landings than any other state in the conterminous United States (more than 1.1 billion pounds/year), and more than 75 percent of Louisiana’s commercially harvested fish and shellfish species are dependent on wetlands. The state rises gradually from the marshes, bayous, and estuaries along its extensive Gulf of Mexico coastline to the prairie in the state's north and west. Perhaps the most iconic of Louisiana Wetlands' animals, the American alligator has bounced back from near extinction to being relatively commonplace. But today, because of canals and levees that constrict and confine the path of the river, the sediment cannot reach the delta to replenish the eroding wetlands. Louisiana’s coastal habitat is also the state’s first line of defense during storms, reducing the devastating effects of wind, waves, and flooding. Applications for activities in wetlands should be sent to both the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). In 1988, USGS scientists began a study of wetland processes in cooperation with the U.S. The wetlands of Louisiana are water-saturated coastal and swamp regions of southern Louisiana. Some of America's tallest birds, such as the great blue heron and great egret, cannot resist the fishing opportunities that exist in the Louisiana wetlands. The wetland biome is one that many people don’t really see as being important. Below are the 10 facts about wetlands that will totally surprise you. The wetland isabout 160 … Among invasive species that thrive in the Louisiana Wetlands is the nutria, a large, South American rodent that was likely introduced when individual animals escaped from fur farms. Louisiana has been losing coastal wetlands since at least the 1930s, but the long-term rate of land loss has slowed since its peak in the 1970s, and U.S. Geological Survey scientists have recently found a further slowing since 2010. Facts about Louisiana. Armadillos, which are often associated with more desert environments, also live in the wetlands. Large data sets on topics such as storm effects, movement of water and dispersal of fine-grained sediments, soil development, marsh disintegration, and effects of land subsidence and sea-level rise have been systematically collected since 1989 from representative sediment-starved and sediment-rich basins in Louisiana. In fact, some say an area the size of a tennis court disappears every thirteen seconds. The staggering annual losses of wetlands in Louisiana are caused by human activity as well as natural processes. Reeds, which are common to marshes, transport oxygen through hollow tubes; and water lilies float on the water's surface, exposed to air. Many questions remain about the environment in which barrier islands evolve and wetland areas evolve and mature. Several snake species, including corn snakes, venomous Western cottonmouth pit vipers and speckled king snakes, make their home in the Louisiana wetlands. The wetlands and estuaries of Louisiana's Gulf Coast also provide habitat for many species of fish and invertebrates. By Ken Wells Contributor April 19, 2019, at 11:34 a.m. The threats to wetlands continue as many of the wetlands are still being drained, destroyed and replaced with agricultural fields, commercial and residential urban developments. It is 450 feet tall and has 34 stories. Louisiana's wetlands comprise a fragile ecosystem that covers more than 10,000 square miles. The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for wetlands protection. In fact, in many areas they consider it to be a nuisance. It is estimated that between 25-35 square miles of wetlands are lost each year and more than 1,000,000 acres have been lost since the turn of the century. A variety of coordinated studies, such as sediment budget, storm events, wave action, and sea-level fluctuations, are showing how nature intended the barrier island/wetland system to work, and can guide planners to augment the natural evolution of this system rather than operate contrary to nature. The Wetlands – Explore the Facts and Resources. 36. Flora in flooded swamps and marshes are unable to do so. Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, combine with man-made hazards like levees, dredging and pollution to threaten the well-being of Louisiana's wetlands, which are home to dozens of plant and animal species. Since the early 1930s, it is estimated that Louisiana has lost almost 5,000 square kilometers of wetlands. The Everglades is a wetland located in the southern portion of the US State of Florida. Since 2000, 1,000,000 acres of wetland have been lost. They also include marshes and bogs and they can be various sizes. Over the last 200 years, wetlands in the United States have been drained, dredged, filled, leveled and flooded for urban, agricultural, and residential development (Mitsch and Gosselink 1993). The Louisiana wetlands are home to thousands of species of animals and marine life. Present data collection activities are being included in models that simulate natural processes for future diversions of the Mississippi River, sea-level rise, subsidence of coastal areas, and beach nourishment. [, Fragile wetlands are readily damaged, directly and indirectly, by canals dredged for navigation and energy exploration. 1. The swamps, marshes and bayous that extend 30 … Quick View Description of State’s Wetlands . Such plants have evolved adaptations to overcome the lack of oxygen. 2. The building was inaugurated on May 16, 1931. The State's wetlands extend as much as 130 kilometers inland and along the coast for about 300 kilometers. For centuries, native tribes, immigrants and ancient creatures have coexisted in these vast wetlands. USGS has undertaken joint field investigations with Federal, State, and university partners to gather and interpret baseline information for improving scientific understanding of the critical processes responsible for creation, maintenance, and deterioration of coastal wetlands. Louisiana State Capitol Building is the tallest state capital in the United States. Here … The state's seafood and fishing industries depend on the continued health of the wetlands. Coastal wetlands disappearing. Louisiana's wetlands also act as a natural filter, cleaning the water that passes through it. [. VOW was started by musician Tab Benoit who was born and raised in Houma, LA – one of the communities born of the wetlands. Raptors such as the osprey, black vulture and barred owl live in the marshes of southern Louisiana. Attorneys for FG LA and for Healthy Gulf, Rise St. James and the Louisiana Bucket Brigade signed the agreement Wednesday. Some of them are very long and deep. The plants that thrive in the waterlogged environment of the Louisiana Wetlands are known as hydrophytics. 4. Today, there are more than 2,000 wetlands, covering 476,000 acres, designated as Wetlands of International Importance. The Louisiana Wetlands host a variety of common mammal species, such as the coyote, muskrat, Norway rat and red fox. Located in south central Louisiana, it is a combination of wetlands and river delta area where the Atchafalaya River and the Gulf of Mexico converge. Situated at the mouth of the Mississippi River, Louisiana has abundant crude oil and natural gas reserves both onshore and offshore, buried beneath the thick sediments of the Mississippi Delta.1,2 Freshwater and saltwater wetlands cover about one-third of Louisiana's area. U.S. Geological Survey scientists are conducting important studies that are helping planners to understand the life cycle of wetlands by detailing the geologic processes that shape them and the coast, and by providing geologic input to models for mitigation strategies. Wetlands permitting in Louisiana is combined on the federal and state levels. In general, human attempts to engineer coastal areas have had limited success. Louisiana’s wetlands hold a special place in our hearts. Cypress trees play a vital role in the wetlands. Louisiana’s wetlands provide habitat for more than five million wintering waterfowl annually. Here at Stan’s Airboat and Marsh Excavator Service, we’re proud to say we know our way around the bayou. People travel from all over to catch a glimpse of our beautiful wetlands, and we’ve got some amazing photos of our swamps and bayous that will make you proud to live in the Bayou State. While Louisiana has 40% of the country’s wetlands, over 90% of the total coastal marsh loss in the continental U.S.’s occurs in the state. Photo Credit: National Park Service . Not all the wetlands are receding; in fact some wetlands are stable, and others are growing. Trent Jonas accepted his first assignment in 1988 from "The Minnesota Daily" and has been writing professionally ever since, primarily as a copywriter. Louisiana has lost about a third of its 3.2 million acres of wetlands since 1930, but the state is working hard to turn the tide. 6 Critical to these species are Louisiana’s coastal marshes, which play a vital and complex role in the life cycle of at least 90% of Gulf marine life. Soil testing will be the only activity allowed in wetlands … The influence of early French and Spanish settlers is still present in the culture and food of the state. It was established more than 40 years ago to protect wetlands. Jonas has a Bachelor of Arts in English writing from the University of Minnesota and a Juris Doctor from Hamline University. It was accepted Thursday by U.S. District Judge Randolph D. Moss, according to online court records. Louisiana State Wetland Program Summary . The green anole lizard also lives in the wetlands, along with the lizard-like tiger salamander, which is an amphibian. Louisiana loses 75 square kilometers annually. Using the latest scientific results of barrier island and wetland studies can help address problems in Louisiana and other coastal regions. Louisiana’s bayous are home to some of the most unique ecosystems and societies on the planet.
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