David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. "Exodus 19:15 declares that one prerequisite for approaching holy things is to keep oneself from sexual intercourse. ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. Hannah, from Ephraimite country, is a childless wife, thereby making her one of the more excluded figures of ancient Israel. David's reply here has an element of humor in it. As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! 1 Samuel Chapter 21 Summary Things seemed okay until one little problem popped up on the screen. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. God revisited Shiloh! And the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you will take that, take it, for there is none but that here." 1. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Behold, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.” 3 But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions; 4 how he entered the … God's persecuted people have often found better usage from Philistines than from Israelites. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" (1 Samuel 21:9). 1 SAMUEL 21 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE INTRODUCTION Deffinbaugh wrote, “Saul made numerous attempts on David’s life. David . Now therefore what is under thine hand? Was afraid— Suspecting some extraordinary cause o… Finding the new version too difficult to understand? They merely refer to David's continued flight from Saul. "These words are an idiom meaning, `To be allowed to dwell in one's city or country. It was a short distance north of Jerusalem. Saul Tries to Kill David. (Psalm 73:16-17). Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "[15] This fact also supports the figures given in the Bible for the weight of Goliath's armour, figures which were dismissed by one `scholar' as `pure guesswork.' He feigned himself mad — That he might escape out of their hands. © 2020 Christianity.com. All Rights Reserved. One of Saul’s servants was there, and he was an Edomite, a chief herdsman of Saul. AT GATH HE FEIGNS HIMSELF MAD. 1. "[7] (2) Young writes that, "It is possible that Ahimelech's son Abiathar might have acted as coadjutor to his father as did the sons of Eli (1 Samuel 4:4). Ahimelech, the chief priest 1 Samuel 21:1. And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." What shall we say to this? The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) David intended to ask Achish for permission to dwell in Gath, probably having good reason to suppose that Achish would have honored his request. The Bible records it, but we dare not justify it. Make haste; stay not." A. David meets Ahimelech the priest at Nob. (10-15). "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? Shall this fellow come into my house"?". . David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. None of the critical scholars whose works we have studied has been able to propose any better arrangement of the text than that which has come down to us; and some of the attempted rearrangements of the various episodes are not only unconvincing, but sometimes even ridiculous. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. to Achish the king of Gath--which was one of the five principalities of the Philistines. Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. David had reason to put confidence in Achish, yet he began to be afraid. Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. Resources » Commentaries » 1 Samuel » Chapter 21 » exegesis. "And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there … Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as the officiating priest in this episode; and two explanations are offered. In those days, as at the present time, "Easterners have a religious awe of madness and would not think of injuring those so afflicted."[19]. Verses 1-15 Chapter21 So David now fled to Nob to Ahimelech who was the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said to him, Why are you alone, why aren"t there men with you? Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. Keith Simons. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. The International Critical Commentary interpretation here is that the words "from Saul" in this passage mean that, "He went directly to Achish from the presence of Saul. Anointed and Alone 1 Samuel 21:1-13/ Psalms 56:1-13 The Bible never flatters its heroes. 1 Samuel 21:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 21:9, NIV: "The priest replied, 'The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here; it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod.If you want it, take it; there is no sword here but that one.' Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. In this place his person must have been known, and to venture into that country, he their greatest enemy, and with the sword of Goliath in his hand, would seem to have been a perilous experiment; but, doubtless, the protection he received … He says, “When I thought how to understand this, it was too painful for me; until I went into the sanctuary of God; then I understood their end. Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. 1 Samuel 21 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Nob was but a village located a mile or two northeast of Jerusalem near Anathoth (Isaiah 10:32). Here is David, anointed to be king; destined to rule over great lands and wealth, but living in caves on the run begging for food and fearing for his life. (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. (1Sa 21:1-2) David, fleeing from Saul, comes to the city of Nob. (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. To whom else could he have gone, except to the Lord? Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. Samuel, Saul and David. And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. 10. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world. How great danger he was in, appears plainly from the 34th and 56th Psalms, which he composed upon this occasion. Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 21. David asked of Ahimelech bread and a sword. View 1 Samuel . The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. David with Ahimelech. David with his men did what was unlawful in taking and eating that bread (Matthew 12:3-4). "And David arose and fled that day from Saul" (1 Samuel 21:10). David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. Such is a worthless rearrangement. 1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. That David fled at once from Nob was no doubt due to the presence there of Doeg. "Detained before the Lord" (1 Samuel 21:7). Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. We can choose for ourselves; but we may well tremble at the consequences. One of the town's leading sinners (then getting somewhat advanced in years) went up to be saved; and one of his neighbors said, "Jackson, you ain't quit your sins; your sins have quit you"! In those days, … Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle. Jesus Christ mentioned this event and also "the men that were with" David (Matthew 12:3-4). Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. "Ahimelech was the son of Ahitub, either a brother of Ahijah, or Ahijah himself. This evil character is mentioned here for two reasons. 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. Here is where we learn that “Samuel was serving the LORD under Eli” (verse 1a; CEB), even though, quite unexpectedly, we hear just a few verses later that “Samuel … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-21" Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:4". Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. Ahimelech — The chief priest, brother to that Ahiah, chap. "The king has charged me with a matter" (1 Samuel 21:2). 1 Samuel 21:10-15. Therefore, it is just as logical to place the journey to Nob after 1 Samuel 20 as it is to place it after 1 Samuel 19. . "[16] To which it must be replied that these words mean no such thing. Perhaps he had made an appointment to meet them at some particular place as soon as he tested his chances of operating in Gath. Cook wrote that, "The words here rendered `a cloth' actually refer to Goliath's military cloak, which was part of the dedicated trophy. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. We are not told here where David's men were who accompanied him to Nob. "[5] The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. That this is a true chronological arrangement is certainly as likely as anything that 19th century or 20th century critical scholars have concocted in place of it. I Samuel 21-24 Listen So, sometimes you act a little extreme to stay alive (I Samuel 21) 1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? "[11] Payne thought that, "Doeg was unclean that day, and waiting to perform some religious obligation the next day. It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. Bennett has a word of wisdom on this subject. For example, the International Critical Commentary rejects the arrangement in this chapter, affirming that, "David had ample time to furnish himself for flight, after Jonathan bade him farewell,"[2] supposing that this journey of David to Nob must have happened that night when Michal let him down through the window. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. The *Lord calls Samuel. "David came to Nob to Ahimelech" (1 Samuel 21:1). . While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here." This is a disputed text, but David may have meant here that, "Even if the bread were common bread, it would become consecrated by the consecrated vessel in which he proposed to carry it. Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). 1 Samuel 22 Chapter 21 David has now quite taken leave both of Saul’s court and of his camp, has bidden farewell to his alter idem—his other self, the beloved Jonathan; and henceforward to the end of this book he is looked upon and treated as an outlaw and proclaimed a traitor. (1 Samuel 20:38). (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9) David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. "[10] The usual explanation of this, however, is that of Porter, "It is generally assumed that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary under some priestly discipline. This severely frightened David, and he immediately began feigning madness. Speaking of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews says that "He had to be made like His brethren in all thin… And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? Then said Achish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man is mad; why then have you brought him to me? Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "No common bread ... but there is holy bread", "If only the young men have kept themselves from women", "How much more today will their vessels be holy", "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah", "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod", "And David arose and fled that day from Saul", "Is not this David the king of the land?

1 samuel 21 commentary

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