The Battle of Molino del Rey (8 September 1847) was a major battle of the Mexican-American War that occurred when the 4,000-strong Mexican army of General Antonio Leon attempted to delay the advance of the 9,800-strong American army of Winfield Scott as it advanced on Mexico City. Coordinates: 19°25′08″N 99°11′28″W / 19.419°N 99.191°W / 19.419; -99.191, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Molino_del_Rey?oldid=4637775. Date Issued. West of the ravine, toward Morales, were four thousand cavalry. Again falling back, the Americans allowed Duncan's guns to do their work and the garrison abandoned the post a short time later. Captain Huger's heavy guns first opened fire on the mills, and continued until that point of the enemy's line became shaken. Description: Battle of Molino del Rey during the Mexican-American War, painting by Carl Nebel. Worth assaulted the Molino del Rey and the nearby Casa de Mata. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War. Mexican losses totaled 269 killed as well as approximately 500 wounded and 852 captured. "It rises from the ancient shore of Lake Tezeuco, and was the favorite resort of the Aztec princes. This range of ground, from the King's Mill on the left to the high ground west from the ravine, on the right, was occupied by the Mexican forces. Fire began from Mexican artillery on the flank of the column, and infantry on the flat roof of the mills opened fire from the flank as well as the front. Battle of el Molino del Rey. Moving forward, troops led byÂ Major General William J. As the infantry moved forward, a force of 270 dragoons, led by Major Edwin V. Sumner, screened the American left flank. In the resulting assault, McIntosh was killed as was his replacement. Forming his army over the coming days, Scott attacked Mexico City on September 13. As this work moved forward, he received word on September 7 that a large Mexican force had occupied the Molino del Rey. . Mexican-American War: Battle of Chapultepec, Mexican-American War: Battle of Churubusco, Mexican-American War: Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexican-American War: Battle of Contreras, The Battle of Chapultepec in the Mexican-American War, Mexican-American War: General Winfield Scott, Mexican-American War: Battle of Monterrey, Mexican-American War: Major General Zachary Taylor, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. Almost within cannon-shot distance of the city of Mexico is Chapultepec, a hill composed of porphyritic rock, and known in the Aztec language as" Grasshoppers' Hill. To the northeast, through some woods, the castle of Chapultepec towered over the area while to the west stood the fortified position of Casa de Mata. Landing on March 9, 1847, Scott's men moved against the city and captured it after a twenty-day siege. Buy Battle Of Molino Del Rey Nthe Battle Of Molino Del Rey Mexico 8 September 1847 Oil On Canvas By C Escalante C1850 Poster Print by (24 x 36) online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Molino del Rey consisted of a “a range of buildings. In the Casa Mata were the 4th light battalion (600 men)and 11th regiment of the line (900 men), under General Francisco Perez. 1861 - 1865. The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican–American War. These orders contemplated a movement up to within striking distance of the Mills before daylight. The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Associated name on shelflist card: Baillie. Worth had a total strength of 2,800 men. Download Options. At three o'clock in the morning of September 8, Worth sent an assault column of 500 men, the 8th Infantry led by Major George Wright, down a gently sloping plain. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Scott ordered General Worth to attack and take the Mill, break up the factory, and destroy any munitions found. Dated: 01.01.1848. In the grove of Chapultepec, in the rear of the mills, as a reserve, were the 1st and 3d light battalions (700 men) . - NARA - 531094.gif 600 × 398; 110 KB Haven taken this objective, Worth ordered his artillery to shift their fire to the Casa de Mata and directed McIntosh to attack. Medium: 1 print. Headquarters of the army, Tacubaya, near Mexico, September 11, 1847. About five hundred yards from the northern extremity of the mills is the Casa Mata, another strong stone building. In the resulting fighting, the storming party lost eleven of fourteen officers, including Wright. victory combatant1=United States combatant2=Mexico… The subsequent negotiations proved futile and the truce was marred by numerous violations on the part of the Mexicans. To the west, he stationed around 4,000 cavalry under General Juan Alvarez with the hope of striking the American flank. It was fought in September 1847 between Mexican forces under General Antonio Léon against an American force under General Winfield Scott at a hill called El Molino del Rey near Mexico City. American casualties numbered 116 killed and 671 wounded, including several senior officers. Though it lasted only two hours, the Battle of Molino del Rey proved one of the bloodiest of the conflict. Colonel Garland and Drum's battery occupied the enemy's position on the right, immediately under the guns of Chapultepec. Eleven of fourteen American officers were killed, but Smith and Cadwalader's forces occupied the enemy line in the center of the battle. Three Mexican guns, large quantities of small arms and ammunition, and 800 prisoners were captured. With the Mexican retreat, the battle ended. Though artillery fire was slowly reducing the Casa de Mata, Worth directed McIntosh to attack again. Title: Battle of Molino del Rey Date Created/Published: c1848 Feb. 22. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican–American War as part of the Battle for Mexico City. Division. Though the Mexican position was strong, it was undermined by the fact that Santa Anna had not placed anyone in overall command of its defense. Major Wright's storming party dashed forward at a charge. From the roof of the bishop's palace at Tacubaya, where General Scott's quarters were, the evidence of there being some kind of furnace was distinctly visible in the bright red flame which rose above the Mill's roof. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-62219 (b&w film copy neg.) The Battle of Molins de Rei or Battle of Molins de Rey or Battle of Molins del Rey (21 December 1808) saw an Imperial French corps led by Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr attack a Spanish army temporarily led by Theodor von Reding and the Conde de Caldagues because its commander Juan Miguel de Vives y Feliu was absent. Aware of Scott's intentions, Santa Anna ordered five brigades, supported by artillery, to defend the Molino and Casa de Mata. It was fought in September 1847 between Mexican forces under General Antonio Léon against an American force under General Winfield Scott at a hill called El Molino del Rey near Mexico City. With forces of 14,000, General Santa Ana was confident of victory. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection. American losses included 729 men killed and wounded, 49 officers wounded, and the deaths of Lieutenant-colonel Scott, Major Graham, Captains Merrill and Ayres, and Lieutenants Johnston, Armstrong, Strong, Shackelford, Burwell, and Farry. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War. Report of Brigadier-General Cadwalader Map of the Battle of Molino del Rey Aftermath of battle On September 6, 1847, as the armistice and negotiations that followed the Battle of Churubusco were breaking down, a large number of Mexican troops were observed around a group of low, massive stone buildings known as El Molino del Rey or King's Mill. casus= territory= result=U.S. Batallón Ligero, el 11/o. Briefly withdrawing, the Americans witnessed Mexican troops sortie from the Casa and kill nearby wounded soldiers. Type of Resource. At 3:00 AM, Worth's division began advancing guided by scouts James Mason and James Duncan. constructed of massive stone, and within has various subdivisions or yards,” remembered an American officer. These include a flour mill, and the old royal gunpowder mill. Call Number: PGA - Baillie--Battle of Molino (A size) [P&P] Saint-Cyr outmaneuvered his opponents, distracting them with a false attack in front while sending the bulk of his force across LlobregatRiver in a turning movemen… Contemporary lithograph portraying the "Blowing up the Foundry by the Victorious American Army under General Worth.". A third brigade commander was severely wounded. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. With the battle at the Casa de Mata progressing, Worth was alerted to Alvarez's presence to across a ravine to the west. Date: 1851: Source: Published in the 1851 book "The … The Battle of Molino del Rey (September 8, 1847) was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War as part of the Battle for Mexico City. Copy. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. In the mills were the National Guard Battalions of Liberty, Union, Querétaro, and Mina,under General Leon( 1,400 men and 3- 8 lb.guns ), and the brigade of troops (Grenaderos, San Blas Activos, Mixto de Santa Ana and Morelia Battalions) commanded by General Joaquin Rangel. In the wake of the battle, no evidence was found that the Molino del Rey was being used as a cannon foundry. . Battle of Molino del Rey. Battle of Molino del Rey, Fought September 8th 1847. The battle occurred after Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna decided to plan a breakout from Mexico City … Serie Distrito Federal Creator Hardcastle, H. F. (author) Subject Description Contiene las posiciones del ejército norteamericano … Forming his men before dawn on September 8, Worth intended to spearhead his attack with a 500-man storming party led by Major George Wright. Having advanced inland from Veracruz and won several victories, Major General Winfield Scott's American army approached Mexico City. Poté, co postupoval do vnitrozemí z Veracruzu a získal několik vítězství, Hlavní generál Winfield Scott Americká armáda se přiblížila k Mexico City. Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Molino del Rey partof=the Mexican American War caption= date=September 8, 1847 place=Mexico City, D.F. Brigadier General Newman Clarke's brigade (temporarily led by Lieutenant Colonel James S. McIntosh) was directed to move west and assault the Casa de Mata. On the left was Colonel James Duncan's battery and a brigade commanded by Colonel James S. McIntosh. Moving inland, Scott routed the Mexicans, led by General Antonio LÃ³pez de Santa Anna, at Cerro Gordo the following month. It was fought in September 1847 between Mexican forces under General Antonio Léon against an American force under General Winfield Scott at a hill called El Molino del Rey near Mexico City. Though Scott ultimately gained little from the Battle of Molino del Rey, it did serve as another blow to the already low Mexican morale. . In bitter fighting they managed to drive off the Mexicans and secure the Molino. 300px. The Battle of Molino del Rey (8 September 1847) was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican–American War as part of the Battle for Mexico City.